Tag Archives: technology

Avoiding Dead-end Streets As We Build the Future of Supply Chain Planning – Sep 23, 2022

Lora Cecere, the Supply Chain Shaman, has given us once again something to think about– big time. She goes off on some of the current fads in supply chain that she thinks are not worth pursuing.

It’s always wise to listen to Lora. She has a wealth of experience and many years of consulting with top companies to inform her thinking.

Here are some of her dead-end streets that you should be avoiding.

  • Dashboards
  • Lights-out planning
  • Real-time planning
  • DDMRP (demand-driven material requirements planning)
  • Forecast Sharing
  • Sales Forecasting

She believes future applications are adaptive and distributed. Read the article to see what she means, and how those two keywords play out.

The SCOR methodology she claims is useful in devising a new approach to planning. Figure 3 shows an outside-in model of planning for a company.

I’m particularly intrigued by her comments on dashboards. I’ve felt they were more about visibility than improving processes. While some of that is necessary, the real value will be if you can make changes quickly. And most dashboards, I’m afraid, don’t let the operators do that. They look cool but don’t help making critical changes.

Her remarks about real-time planning are also on point. If you rerun too frequently, the plans thrash— they oscillate between one action and another completely different one. There is value in following a consistent pattern and making slow changes rather than swinging back and forth. We saw that in spades during the Covid epidemic. Look at the auto manufacturers who canceled their chip orders and then six months later could not place them again because the capacity had been diverted to other chips that were more profitable as it happened. Acting too quickly caused them anguish that has persisted for three years now. Reruns generate noise that affects partners and destroys relationships.

I also share her skepticism about DDMRP which bases an entire manufacturing progression on orders. It’s better than not looking at orders, but it fails to capture the richness of what might happen in the future. We can point to the same auto manufacturers and see that they have hundreds of cars in an ‘almost-complete’ state while they wait for certain electronics to be delivered.

And she provides some good references on checking how forecasting is improved by getting the customer’s forecast in advance. Statistical tests indicate that for the most part they are not helpful. What characterizes the few that are? That’s worth research.

And finally, salesmen are the worst forecasters. First of all, they’re liars. And the best ones are the worst liars. Why? Especially if they are paid on commission, or via a plan that pays for meeting targets or provides spiffs for beating them, they will try to get the target set low. And for commission sales often they are not guaranteed, as to size especially. So the salesman might predict low-ball, because he’s sure he will get that as a target. Then the big order comes as an extra. But for manufacturing planning, that is not reality. Often big orders do not come exactly when anticipated, so they might not fall at quarter end when the financials are due. Timing is harder to predict than size.

In the past at a mid-size manufacturer, we had better luck eyeballing a steady rate of production from history (moderated by some anticipation of the future market) and then trying to get salespeople to tell us about big orders and when they anticipated them. We laid the big order forecasts on top of the ‘run-rate’ forecast to determine the timing of production. A few days’ change in big order timing didn’t then blow our whole manufacturing plan.

Salespeople are a good source of info about products and customers, but as manufacturing forecasters they are awful. Yet you need to cultivate them to get that key information about their expectations which is valuable.

Here’s a PDF of her post.

Avoiding Dead-end Streets As We Build the Future of Supply Chain Planning

Norway’s fjords welcome another pair of autonomous vessels

Norway is a leader in the development of clean transport, especially maritime. They have been experimenting with autonomous ships for several years.

Here are two new ships, which will not operate autonomously at the start, but will sail with a crew of 4. However, the goal is to test the systems for two years, and become autonomous after that.

They will transport products for a grocery along the coast of Norway. There is a plan for an all-electric corridor, including these ships and a fleet of electric trucks for the start and end parts of the trip.

So don’t say it can’t be done!

Sam ChambersSeptember 21, 2022

Norway’s fjords welcome another pair of autonomous vessels – Splash247

DCSA digital standards poised to become globally accepted

The Digital Container Shipping Association (DCSA) has made some strides in becoming the main source of digital standards for shipping. Digital standards are very important for supply chain management because they guarantee that information is interchangeable between partners in any chain. I think the DCSA has gotten furthest in acceptance of everyone trying to do this.

One view has it that for the maritime industry, ports are the natural players to insure that there is an information hub with standard data for its stakeholders. This data would include not only maritime-related data such as arrival times, departure times, unloading times, locations of containers in the yard, but data relating to transport out of the yard, as well as data related to customs and clearing and safety. In cases where the port has inland depots, the information set should include what’s relevant for customers, and the partners who use those depots to move their cargo, whether it is transload or pickup and delivery.

But what standard data should be captured? Allowing ports themselves to design the data structures themselves is going to open the door to myriad incompatible sets of data. The DCSA has the right idea in trying for a standard that everyone can use.

The European Shippers Council is on board with the DCSA standards, which can be found on the dcsa website. Also, DCSA and the US Federal Maritime Commission (FMC) have been cooperating on the Maritime Data Initiative (MTDI) project.

It’s an important and interesting project for anyone interested in digitizing supply chains. If it works, major advantages will come about for writing software to make supply chains work better.

Maia Kemp-Welch 16/09/2022

DCSA digital standards poised to become globally accepted – The Loadstar